Kids’ Candy Brands
Wooing today’s youthful confectionery consumers is more challenging than ever before but — considering their significant spending power — potentially more rewarding as well.
Kids’ Candy Brands*
Estimated U.S. Retail Market Size
* Includes only non-chocolate kids’ candy
Source: Confectioner estimate based on input from industry players
There are more than 40 million kids between the ages of six and 14 in the United States, so the market opportunity is not to be underestimated. In non-chocolate candy, kids’ brands represent 18 percent of sales for the 52-week period ending Dec. 3, 2005, according to ACNielsen data.
Going after this market is no simple matter, however, because — to badly paraphrase F. Scott Fitzgerald — “kids are different than you and I” (assuming here that “you and I” refers to adults). As experts on child development will tell you, there’s a biological reality that explains why a child — and/or teenager — doesn’t always seem to be thinking or acting rationally.
During childhood, a child’s brain is still forming the connection between the front lobe (home to faculties such as reason and logic) and the back part of the brain, where the emotions reside. Even teenagers do not have their logical capabilities fully developed. (Which may not come as a great surprise to parents and teachers everywhere!) Obviously then, when a brand that is to be targeted to kids is being developed, it’s critical to figure out how to get inside the heads — and hearts — of this sometimes-hard-to-figure and always challenging target audience.
Those involved in formulating products for the youth market point out that kids tend to go for different flavors than adults might choose. For example, they frequently favor stronger, more intense flavors, as well as sour flavors. Products that can be adapted to a child’s own taste preferences — i.e. by blending flavors or mixing up components — tap into an important aspect of contemporary kids’ psyches — the desire for customization/i.e. having it their way.
It’s a mistake to apply a one-size-fits-all approach to children. A child’s view of the world changes as he or she ages. While a five- to seven-year-old may be intrigued by the “magic” of a candy item, a nine- to 11-year-old will be more interested in the “science” of it. So in the later case, a savvy marketer might attempt to satisfy that child’s desire for information by directing him or her to a Web site where it’s possible to get additional information about the brand.
One leading marketer of branded kids’ candy breaks out the target market like this: ages six to eight, nine to 11, and 12 to 14. Also, when marketing to kids, it’s important to remember that children tend to have an “aspirational age” slightly older than their chronological age, so it’s critical to position products and to fashion advertising taking that into consideration.
Kids are a factor in the marketplace well before they reach school-age. According to kids’ marketing guru James McNeal, children make their first in-store requests at around age two, and are beginning to do their own purchasing by the age of four or five.
Kids and brands? Oh, yes! Kids’ candy is an impulse purchase to a great extent, and a strong brand helps a product to stand out from the crowd. Queried about the importance of brand names to kids, one marketer replied in this way: “If you don’t think brands are important to kids, ask them what jeans they are wearing.”
According to one research study, babies as young as six months of age are capable of forming mental images of corporate logos and mascots. Brand loyalties can be established as early as age two. By the time children are ready to start school, most can recognizes hundreds of brand logos. Of course, much like adults, youthful consumers will remain brand loyal only so long as that brand continues to deliver what they like.
Marketers of kids’ candy products must walk a fine line. Cool and hip is good. So is a bit of attitude. But using yesterday’s slang is not cool, so, if in doubt, skip it.
There are hundreds of magazines and newspapers targeted to kids — or with sections targeting them — which can be effective marketing vehicles in addition to advertising on kid-focused television networks such as Nickelodeon.
By the middle school years, few things are as important to kids as their peers’ opinions. Thus buzz marketing — in which marketers sell some of the coolest kids on a product concept and let them spread the word — can be a great tool for reaching out to the youth market. And the Internet — blogs, news groups, chat rooms and so on — can work well too.
Candy products targeted to older kids tend to do well when positioned near other items they’ll choose to spend their discretionary income on — comic books, soda, magazines and the like. Keeping products targeted to young kids lower on the plan-o-gram is important as well.
The purchasing power of children tripled in the 1990s, according to “The U.S. Kids Market,” a research report from Packaged Facts. Also according to that report, kids’ direct buying power is expected to exceed $51.8 billion this year.
Not only does the youth market represent a huge market opportunity for the candy category today, but its importance to your brand in the decades ahead should not be underestimated. In just a decade or two, today’s kids will be controlling the purse strings in households of their own. Now is the time to develop brand awareness and allegiances that will prove critical for generations to come.
Cross it! Cross-promotion is a natural for the kids’ candy category, and popular cartoons and movie/DVD releases deliver a made-in-heaven opportunity for tie-ins.
Pay plenty of attention to visual presentation. Kids today are watching television shows about how to redecorate their rooms, so design and fresh presentation tend to be important to them.
Kids’ Market Close-Up
When targeting kids, keep in mind that this is a racially and ethnically diverse group. Nearly 30 percent of six- to 11-year-olds are Hispanic, for example, compared with 12.4 percent of those 18 and older. And 15.4 percent of the kids in this age range are African-Americans vs. 12 percent of adults. Thus members of this group, the so-called “Matrix Generation,” enjoy a wide range of activities and entertainment choices.
Kids in this demographic subset are expected to continue the individualistic tendencies exhibited by all post-World War II generations. Technologically savvy, they will also be just as well-educated as their Generation X and baby boomer predecessor generations.